Aristotle Quick Fact:
Aristotle is a world-renowned Greek scientist and philosopher we have described as the father of biology. We used to meet with Plato. Aristotle’s secrets and Plato’s philosophy are shown to the little girls. The combination of Aristotle’s life is described.
Born: 364 BC, Stagira, Greece
Died: 322 BC, Chalakda, Greece
Cause of death: Natural causes
Full name: Aristotle
Who Was Aristotle?
A master in Ancient Greek philosophy with amusing knowledge in science, social factor, politics, psychology and ethics and considered to be the power house of knowledge and accomplishments is none other than Aristotle.
Birth place and birth time of Aristotle
Aristotle was born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira which was a small town of Greece located on the northern coast.
Personal life and the beginning of the journey of Aristotle
Like all other great people on the face of earth, Aristotle was born in a place with the absence of his parents as he could not find the love of parents for long time and struggled in the beginning. The name of his father was Nicomachus and the name of his mother was Phaestis and it is known that both of them died while he was young. But he was raised by his older sister Arimneste and his husband till he was 17.
When Aristotle turned 17, he was sent to Athens for higher education which was considered to be the academic center of the universe. In Athens, Aristotle joined in Plato’s Academy and was under the supervision of another legendary scholar and Greek philosopher Plato and we all know that Plato was a direct student of another legend called Socrates. So being the student of the greatest scholar on earth, Aristotle was meant to be known in the history of knowledge for obvious reason.
Spouse and Children
Aristotle met and married his first wife, Pythias who was King Hermias’ niece in Mysia. They had a daughter and named her after mother which was Pythias.
In 335 B.C., his wife died unfortunately. But after a brief amount of time, Aristotle fell in love with a woman named Herpyllis who was rumored to be his slave whom he eventually freed and married. It was also rumored that they had a child together named Nicomachus, after Aristotle’s father.
Aristotle in his yearly life was the teacher of legendary warrior Alexander the great in 338 B.C., when Alexander was 13 years old.
In 335 B.C.,while Alexander conquer Athens, Aristotle started his own school in Athens, called the Lyceum with the permission of his student that time. Aristotle spent most of the days of his life working as a teacher with unique thinking and teaching skill, researcher and writer at the Lyceum in Athens and covered almost every branch of knowledge that today we know off until the death of Alexander the Great.
In 323 B.C., the pro-Macedonian government was overthrown and Aristotle was accused with sin for his association with his former student and the Macedonian court. He left Athens to save his life and went to Chalcis on the island of Euboea and died there.
Works by Aristotle
Aristotle wrote an estimated 200 works in the form of notes and manuscript drafts on reasoning, science, politics, ethics, rhetoric and psychology. They consist of dialogues, records of scientific observations and systematic works. All of his materials were stored in a vault to protect them from moisture by Neleus until they were taken to Rome and used by Romanian scholars there.
Among many sectors where Aristotle have explored to open the branch of knowledge from different aspects some of them are Poetics (a scientific study of writing poetry by exploring the foundation of story making, including character development, plot and storyline), Nicomachean Ethics (a moral code of conduct for what he called “good living”), Metaphysics ( a study about the physical substance of things), Rhetoric ( a study which includes observation and analysis of public speaking with scientific rigor in order to teach readers how to be more effective speakers), Politics (where he examined human behavior in the context of society and government in broad way possible including role and types of government and their citizen) etc.
Astronomy or the earth sciences including Meteorology was Aristotle’s one of the big contribution to science. Aristotle didn’t just study the weather around earth through Meteorology, he also went through expansive definition of meteorology including all the affectations we may call common to air and water, and the kinds and parts of the earth and the affectations of its parts.
Works on Psychology
In his book On the Soul, he studied human psychology regarding how people perceive the world continue to underlie many principles of modern psychology.
Works on Philosophy
Aristotle came up with universal process of reasoning for man to learn every believable thing about reality describing objects based on their characteristics, states of being and actions. He also also discussed how human might obtain information about objects through deduction and inference. He came up with theory of deduction in which he showed how the conclusion is inferred from two or more other premises of a certain form in terms of reasoning.
When and How Did Aristotle Die?
In 322 B.C., just a year after he fled to Chalcis to escape prosecution under charges of impiety, Aristotle contracted a disease of the digestive organs and died.